Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys pidzame and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers pidzame down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became popular within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.